Teaching can be difficult, especially when your class consists of primary schoolers who are easily distracted.
If you try to “wing it” with little preparation other than your understanding of the subject and a slideshow, chances are the lesson will hit some snags along the way.
Each class only has a specific amount of time each day, so it’s vital that your lessons go as smoothly as possible. This ensures the correct information is taught, the lesson can be grasped and understood, and you can finish the lesson before the bell rings so that you can progress through the units and curriculum for the year.
This is where a lesson plan for primary school comes in. The best way to keep your classes running smoothly is to plan ahead. By planning ahead, you can account for delays, organize information, pace the lesson within your time frame and offer better lessons overall.
Writing a lesson plan for different days and weeks allows you to get an overview of your lessons, refine them to be as effective as possible, and keeps you on track to help you progress through the materials.
In the following paragraphs, we’ll explain how you can write a lesson plan for a primary school class so that you can offer a complete lesson. To write a lesson plan, you should:
Set a learning outcome for the lesson
Setting a goal is one of the best ways to measure progress. In the case of a lesson plan, setting a learning outcome will allow you to gear your lesson towards something specific and give you a benchmark to evaluate how successful the lesson was. This is because when a learning outcome is reached, the students will have learned or become able to do something new.
After setting a goal, you can create your activities or content to ensure that it contributes towards achieving the learning outcome and refine the plan to make it more efficient within the timeframe. You can evaluate how effective the lesson was through quizzes or exams to see if each student has achieved the learning outcome.
Outline the subject for the lesson and highlight key points
A learning outcome can’t be achieved if the information required to reach the level of understanding isn’t taught. One of the most important parts of a lesson plan is the content within the lesson, and it is also what is often hurt most by a lack of a plan.
Depending on the subject being taught, there will be key terms and main topics that are more important than auxiliary topics. When teaching freely without a guide to follow, it is easy to skim over important parts of a lesson, especially when distractions arise leading to time constraints.
This can throw off the timing of the lesson, forcing you to skip information for the sake of time or not allowing for the time it requires to be absorbed. It also takes away from the time at the end of the class to review everything and ask any questions.
Tailor activities and lectures to keep the lesson engaging
Once you know what you need to get across to your students to achieve your learning outcome, you can tailor the activities in the plan to teach the information. You can find students of all learning types in a primary school classroom, making it important that your lesson plan is varied and engaging for all.
Implementing games or kinesthetic learning into your lesson plan allows for a change in the “status quo” of the classroom. The change will excite the students and allow for a different connection with the lesson to be formed, increasing its effectiveness.
Create a timeline for the lesson
Once you have a goal and information to teach, the next most important step is being able to express the information in the limited amount of time you have. The lesson needs to spend the appropriate amount of time on the main points and lesser points as determined in step 2.
A solid lesson plan has an introduction to the content that will interest the students so that they want to know more, but it is important that it doesn’t go on too long. If too much time is wasted at the start, it can mean you have to rush the rest of the lesson.
The points outlined in step 2 are part of the main teaching and developmental phase of the lesson, and the lesson plan should ensure that all vital points are addressed with proper timing according to the guide. Going from memory without a proper guide makes it easy to be sidetracked and give an incomplete or rushed lesson, lowering the chances that the learning outcome is met.
Reflection on the subject and summarizing the lesson is also an important part of a lesson plan and should be accounted for in the timeline. It will allow you to evaluate your lesson plan’s learning outcome, reinforce why the information is important and relate it to past or future lessons.
A lesson plan is crucial to making both teachers’ and their students’ lives easier. Lesson plans keep the lesson on track, ensure it is productive and improve the overall learning experience. After the lesson is complete, you can evaluate your teaching and identify any ways that you could improve the lesson for future students.